What Is a Symmetrical Triangle Pattern? Definition and Trading

Symmetrical Triangle Pattern: Definition and Its Interpretation

Chart patterns are crucial in technical analysis as they offer valuable insights into predicting future price movements. Among the various patterns, the symmetrical triangle pattern holds significance.

Published on 11 July 2023

This pattern is distinguished by its converging trendlines, creating a triangular formation on the chart. This blog post will delve into the symmetrical triangle pattern, definition, and interpretation for making informed trading decisions. By understanding this pattern, traders can gain a deeper understanding of market dynamics, identify potential breakouts, and develop effective strategies to capitalize on price fluctuations.

So, let's explore the symmetrical triangle pattern and unlock its potential in guiding trading decisions.

Understanding the Symmetrical Triangle Pattern

The symmetrical triangle pattern is a widely recognized chart pattern in technical analysis. It typically occurs during periods of consolidation when the price movement of an asset forms a triangular shape. This pattern represents a temporary pause in the prevailing trend, reflecting a period of indecision in the market as buyers and sellers engage in a tug-of-war for control.

The symmetrical triangle pattern gets its name because the upper and lower trendlines have similar slopes, eventually converging to form a chart triangle pattern. This convergence creates a series of lower highs and higher lows, forming the triangle pattern. The two trend lines meet at a point called the apex, which serves as a visual representation of diminishing price volatility.

The symmetrical triangle pattern typically indicates a balance between buying and selling pressures in the market. As the price consolidates within the triangle, traders and investors closely monitor the pattern's development for potential trading opportunities. The narrowing range between the converging trend lines suggests that a breakout, accompanied by an increase in volatility, will likely occur.

Traders often interpret the symmetrical triangle pattern as a continuation pattern. This means the price will resume its previous trend once the breakout occurs. If the preceding trend was bullish, a breakout to the upside is anticipated, signaling a potential continuation of the upward move. Conversely, if the preceding trend was bearish, a downside breakout is expected, indicating a potential continuation of the downward move.

Identifying the Symmetrical Triangle Pattern

The symmetrical triangle pattern can be recognized by its distinct characteristics on a price chart. To identify this pattern, traders should look for the following key elements:

  • Converging Trendlines: The symmetrical triangle pattern is formed by drawing trend lines connecting the price action's lower and higher lows. Both trend lines should have similar slopes, gradually converging towards each other.
  • Triangle Formation: As the trend lines converge, they form a triangular shape on the chart. The upper trendline connects the lower highs, while the lower trendline connects the higher lows. The triangle gradually narrows as the price consolidates.
  • Price Contraction: Price volatility typically decreases within the symmetrical triangle pattern as the range between the converging trend lines narrows. This indicates a period of market indecision and a potential impending breakout.
  • Volume Analysis: Volume can provide valuable insights when identifying the symmetrical triangle pattern. Initially, as the pattern forms, volume tends to diminish as market participants become uncertain about the price direction. However, during the breakout, a surge in volume often accompanies the price movement, confirming the validity of the pattern.

By understanding these characteristics and conducting a thorough price chart analysis, traders can identify the symmetrical triangle pattern and prepare for potential trading opportunities.

Interpreting the Symmetrical Triangle Pattern

The symmetrical triangle pattern provides valuable information about the future direction of the price. Here are two key interpretations:

  • Continuation Pattern: The symmetrical triangle pattern often acts as a continuation pattern, suggesting that the price will likely break out in the direction of the preceding trend. A breakout to the upside is anticipated if the price was in an uptrend before the pattern formed. Conversely, a downside breakout is expected if the price is in a downtrend.
  • Volatility Contraction: As the price approaches the triangle's apex, volatility tends to contract. Traders often anticipate a breakout and a subsequent increase in volatility. This presents an opportunity for traders to prepare for potential price movements and adjust their trading strategies accordingly.

Trading Strategies for the Symmetrical Triangle Pattern

  • Breakout Strategy: Once the price breaks out of the symmetrical triangle pattern, traders can enter positions in the direction of the breakout. Waiting for confirmation of the breakout through a significant price move and increased volume is essential.
  • Triangle Trading Strategy: Some traders prefer to trade within the pattern, buying near the lower trendline and selling near the upper trendline. This strategy involves taking profits as the price reaches resistance and buying back near support.


The symmetrical triangle pattern is valuable for technical analysts, providing insights into future price movements and market trends. By understanding its definition and interpreting the pattern's characteristics, traders can make informed decisions and develop effective trading strategies. Whether as a continuation pattern or an indication of volatility contraction, the symmetrical triangle pattern can offer valuable opportunities for traders to capitalize on potential price breakouts and market trends.


Chandresh Khona
Team Espresso

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