How Demat Accounts Make Online Trading More Accessible?| Espresso

How Demat Accounts Make Online Trading More Accessible?

In the past, the stock trading process involved a lot of chaos and miscommunication, with brokers shouting orders amidst a flurry of activity. This often led to mistakes, such as false orders. However, in 1996, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) introduced Demat accounts, which completely transformed the landscape of securities trading in India. 

Published on 20 February 2024

Demat accounts revolutionized the way people trade stocks by digitizing the process. With a Demat account, trading in the stock market has become faster, more secure, and highly efficient. It has brought about convenience and accessibility to trading across the nation. Today, SEBI has mandated the opening of a Demat account for anyone looking to invest in securities in the Indian stock market. But before you can open one, it is essential to understand what a Demat account is and how it functions.

What Is a Demat Account?

A Demat account, short for a Dematerialized account, is a digital repository where an investor can electronically hold and manage securities such as stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other financial instruments. It replaces the need for physical share certificates by holding securities in electronic form. This account enables investors to buy, sell, and transfer securities seamlessly in the stock market without the hassle of handling paper documents. It also facilitates easier monitoring of investments and ensures secure and efficient transactions.

Working of a Demat Account

The working of a Demat account involves several steps which are given below:-

Opening an Account:

To begin, an investor needs to open a Demat account with a registered Depository Participant (DP). The investor submits the required documents, such as identity proof, address proof, and PAN card, along with a filled-out account opening form.

Account Activation:

Once the account opening process is complete and all documents are verified, the Demat account is activated by the DP.

Linking with Trading Account:

The Demat account is linked with a trading account. The trading account is used to place buy or sell orders for securities in the stock market. While the Demat account holds the securities bought or received.


When an investor places a buy order for securities through their trading account, the order is executed on the stock exchange. Once the transaction is completed, the purchased securities are credited to the investor's Demat account.


After the completion of the trading day, the stock exchange processes the settlement of trades. The securities bought or sold are transferred between the Demat accounts of buyers and sellers through a process called settlement.

Holding Securities:

The securities held in the Demat account are stored electronically in the form of electronic records. Each security is assigned a unique identification number called the International Securities Identification Number (ISIN).

Viewing Holdings:

Investors can view their holdings in the Demat account through periodic statements provided by the DP. These statements detail the securities held, transactions executed, and other relevant information.


Investors can conduct various transactions with their Demat account, such as buying and selling securities, and transferring securities between accounts. Investors can also pledge securities for loans, and receive dividends and bonuses directly into the Demat account.

Benefits of Having a Demat Account


With a Demat account, investors can hold all their securities in electronic form. This eliminates the need for physical share certificates. Thus, managing investments becomes much more convenient as there is no paperwork involved.

Safety and Security

Demat accounts provide a secure way to hold securities electronically. The risk of loss, theft, or damage associated with physical certificates is significantly reduced.

Faster Transactions

Trading in the stock market becomes faster and more efficient with a Demat account. Buying and selling securities can be executed electronically, leading to quicker transaction times compared to physical trading.

Reduced Costs

Maintaining a Demat account tends to be more cost-effective in the long run compared to holding physical share certificates. There are fewer administrative expenses, such as stamp duty and handling charges.

Easy Monitoring

Investors can easily monitor their investment portfolio with a Demat account. They can view their holdings, track transactions, and access statements online or through mobile applications provided by the Depository Participant (DP).

Automatic Updates

Corporate actions such as dividends, bonus issues, splits, and mergers are automatically updated in the Demat account. Investors do not need to take any manual action to receive these benefits.


Investors can access their Demat account from anywhere with an internet connection. This allows for greater accessibility and flexibility in managing investments.

Key Tips to Consider While Choosing the Best Demat Account Provider

Reputation and Reliability:

Research the reputation and reliability of the Demat account company. Look for established companies with a good track record of service quality, reliability, and customer satisfaction. Check online reviews, ratings, and testimonials from other investors.

Regulatory Compliance:

Ensure that the best Demat account provider is registered with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and is compliant with all regulatory requirements.

Trading Platforms and Technology:

Look for user-friendly platforms with advanced features, real-time market data, research tools, and mobile trading apps for convenient access to the stock market.

Customer Service and Support:

Assess the customer service and support provided by the Demat account company. Choose a company that offers responsive customer support through various channels such as phone, email, etc. Prompt resolution of queries and issues is essential for a smooth investing experience.

Security Measures:

Ensure that the Demat account company has robust security measures in place to safeguard your investments and personal information. Look for features such as two-factor authentication, encryption protocols, and secure login procedures to protect your account from unauthorized access and cyber threats.

Concluding Remarks

Trading has growing facets in upcoming times. To streamline the trading experience, the Demat account becomes significant. Choosing the right platform is crucial to ensure the seamless and secure experience of trading.

Chandresh Khona
Team Espresso

We care that you succeed

Bringing readers the latest happenings from the world of Trading and Investments specifically and Finance in general.