What is Free Float Market Capitalisation? | My Espresso

Free Float Market Capitalisation

The scale of a firm can be determined in many different ways. The overall market cap methodology, as well as the free-float enterprise value, are the two options.

If you’re wondering, ‘what is free float market Capitalisation,’ it is an approach used by Indian exchanges to determine the benchmark index value.

Published on 16 January 2023

However, how significant of an impact can this approach truly make in terms of assessing a company’s performance? We’ll see.

Before you jump into ‘what is free float market Capitalisation,’ take a glance at what market Capitalisation means. So, let’s start.

What is Market Capitalisation?

The market cap typically reflects a firm’s place in the development of its organization.

Investing in large-cap companies is typically seen as more conservative than those in small- or mid-cap firms, maybe because they carry less danger but have worse long-term growth prospects.

Therefore, on the risk/bring range back, midcap shares typically fall among enormous covers and tiny covers. The market share of midcap companies may be growing, and their total competitiveness may be increasing.

This growth stage will likely decide if a company finally reaches its full potential. Midcap equities fall squarely on the risk/bring spectrum back among huge covers and modest covers.

Midcaps might have more room for growth. Midcaps may indeed have greater development prospects than big covers.

What is Free Float Market Capitalisation?

Float-adjusted Capitalisation is another name for the free-float market cap. Some analysts believe that the free-float method is more accurate for determining market Capitalisation.

Each of the securities issued by a firm under its stock issuing plan is included in the company’s primary valuation. Companies frequently provide executives with unused shares via share options compensation plans. Organizers and corporations are among the additional stockholders.

Since corporations have varying levels of operational policies in place for granting deferred compensation and convertible shares, full market cap factoring for stock market indices is rarely enforced. It would drastically alter the return dynamics of an indicator.

Generally speaking, the ‘what is free-float market Capitalisation’ approach offers a more precise image of market changes and equities that are extensively traded on the open market. The market cap obtained when employing a free-float approach is less than that obtained when utilizing a full market cap approach.

Since it solely considers traded stocks, an index that follows the free-float approach tends to mirror market dynamics. Additionally, lowering the percentage of the leading few businesses in the benchmark broadens the index’s foundation.

Free Float Market Capitalisation Calculation

Current market price x (Total number of stocks - Locked shares)


Let’s say that there’s a company named ABC, which consists of the following information:

  • Promoter Holding = 5000 shares
  • Strategic Holding = 1000 shares
  • Outstanding Shares = 20,000 shares
  • Locked Shares with Shareholders = 2000 shares

Let’s say the current market price is INR 1000 per share. In that case, the market Capitalisation will be INR 1000 (current market price) x 20,000 (total number of shares) = INR 2 crores.

To determine ‘what is free float market Capitalisation,’ adhere to these pointers:

  • Number of Shares Not Accessible For Trading = Locked Shares With Shareholders + Promoter Holding + Strategic Holding = 2000 + 5000 + 1000 = 8000 shares.

Thus, Free Float Market Capitalisation = INR 1000 x (20,000 - 8,000) = INR 1000 x 12,000 = INR 1.2 crores

Now that you know ‘what is free float market Capitalisation’ and how it’s calculated, learn why it’s needed.

Free-Float Market Capitalisation: Why Is It Important?

A trader who isn’t particularly risk-averse intends to make investments in stocks where there is substantial free-floating of stocks, which results in lower volatility in stock prices.

The stock is successfully exchanged, increasing the stock’s liquidity and providing the shareholder with an easy way out if a deficit were to happen.

The advertisement group’s stake is also lower, allowing the investor greater right to vote and to enthusiastically participate in the firm’s initiatives and voice their opinion and board-related questions.

As more stocks are exchanged on the marketplace, and fewer people may significantly increase or decrease the stock value, large free-floating shares exhibit less instability.

Free-Float Information: How Should Investors Use It?

The stocks with a high free-float of rights tend to attract risk-averse investors because they have lower share price fluctuations.

Furthermore, the proportion is regularly exchanged, growing the stock turnover and providing the purchaser with a simple exit if a loss occurs.

The promoter group’s stake is also lower, allowing the investor additional voting privileges, influence over corporate decisions, and the ability to present their ideas to the corporation’s board of directors.


To decide where and when to invest your money, it’s crucial to acquire an in-depth knowledge of ‘what is free float market Capitalisation as well as the entire scope of market valuation.

Chandresh Khona
Team Espresso

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