Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS - Top 4 Differences | Espresso

Basic EPS VS Diluted EPS: Whats the Difference?

Investors can consider different parameters and figures when evaluating a company. The diluted earnings per share (EPS) and the basic earnings per share are two such figures that can play a significant role in the assessment of the company’s financial health. Keep reading to find out more about the meaning of each and how they differ from one another.



Basic EPS Meaning and Formula

The basic earnings per share are calculated based on the total outstanding equity shares of the company. This can be calculated by using the following formula:

Basic EPS = (Net income – Preferred dividend) / the total outstanding equity shares

The basic EPS can be used to determine the actual price of a share. However, an important thing to note here is that two companies with the same basic EPS do not necessarily exhibit the same performance too.

Diluted EPS Meaning and Formula

The diluted earnings per share are calculated after considering all common and convertible shares of the company. It also includes debt interest. This can be calculated by using the following formula:

Diluted EPS = (Net income + convertible preferred dividend + debt interest) / common shares + convertible s shares

The diluted EPS is calculated with warrants, convertibles like stocks and bonds, and more. As a result, the diluted EPS may draw a more accurate financial picture of the company.

There are more differences between the basic EPS and the diluted EPS apart from the formulas used to calculate them.

Given below are a few of these differences.

Basic EPS vs diluted EPS

Here are some points of difference between the basic and diluted EPS:

Points of difference

Basic EPS

Diluted EPS


The basic EPS is easier to understand for investors as it is a basic way to measure the company’s profitability. It offers the actual price of a share and can be taken into account by new or first-time retail investors too.

The diluted EPS may be a bit more complicated as it uses multiple parameters to compute the result. This can sometimes be hard to understand for retail investors.

Size of the company

The basic EPS may work more efficiently for smaller companies, as these businesses have a simple capital structure. In the case of such companies, there are no diluters or convertibles, and the basic EPS is a good enough metric to check the company’s financial health.

The diluted EPS can work better for more prominent companies as they have convertibles and diluters like warrants. These companies also have a more intricate and complex capital structure where the basic EPS may not be able to offer precision.

Accuracy in results

The basic EPS does not consider the convertible shares of the company. As a result, it may not be an accurate parameter for investors.

The diluted EPS is a more in-depth analysis of the company after taking dilution into account. This can be of more use for investors compared to the basic EPS.


It is usually higher than the diluted EPS. In some cases, it may also be equal to the diluted EPS.

The diluted EPS is never higher than the basic EPS. However, it may be equal to it.


How Do These Two Options Affect an Investor’s Decision to Invest?

The basic and diluted EPS can help investors in picking stocks for investments. The diluted EPS can be a particularly crucial factor as it can indicate the company’s earnings after dilution.

Moreover, another essential thing to look out for is the difference between the basic and the diluted EPS. If the difference between the two is significant, it is because of the adverse impact of dilution. If the two remain the same or close, investors can consider either and make a decision accordingly.

To Sum it Up

The basic and the diluted EPS can be helpful in assessing the profitability and the fundamental analysis of the company. Therefore, it may be advised to know the differences between the two.

Share Market Knowledge Centre

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Frequently Asked Questions

The basic EPS includes the outstanding common equity shares of a company.

A higher EPS is better than a lower one. A higher EPS indicates the company’s profitability and positive financial health.

The diluted EPS takes into account the preferred and convertible shares, the common share price, warrants, as well as partially and fully convertible debt, among other things.

Earnings per share determine a company's profit per outstanding share. Shareholders can use this metric to calculate their percentage out of the company’s profit.

There are two types of EPS – basic EPS and diluted EPS.