How to Invest in Futures & Options (F&O) Trading?| Espresso

How to Invest In Futures And Options

If you are wondering how to invest your money in suitable avenues and have been looking at different opportunities, you should also try and understand how to trade futures and options. In the investment market, not many are aware of how they should trade futures or options, but that does not have to be the case with you.



To begin with, here are a few things you should know before you trade futures and options. Traders and investors who trade in futures and options are looking to get some benefit out of the market movements. While this is true for most other investment instruments as well, it is important to know that futures and options do not have inherent values of their own but derive their value from an underlying asset.

Futures and options can be referred to as assets, but they are more of contracts that come with an expiry date of one, two or three months. At the end of this period, the contracts need to be settled by cash or through the delivery of shares. This is the reason you need not have a demat account if you have to trade in futures and options.

Let’s find out how you can trade futures and options.

How to Invest in F&O and What Should You Know About It?

We often hear a lot of people claim how difficult or simple it is to trade in futures and options. But in reality, it is all about understanding any investment before you take a step ahead. The more you know, the better you learn and the more experience you can gain in that field. The same rules apply if you want to trade futures and options. And therefore, you should start with some F&O trading basics that will help clear your concepts –

  • Through margin trading, you can make use of leverage in futures. However, you should know that leveraged products are susceptible to profits as well as losses. So, if you have borrowed funds for trading, you cannot always be sure that the additional margin will always face profits. But if you are aware of this fact, then you should go ahead and trade futures.
  • Options trading comprises low risk, and if you want to make profits on options, then you will have to take on more risk as options sellers do. This is because most of the time, the options expire on the given dates, and it is not possible to trade them after that date. Hence, while options buyers take on limited risk, they also gain limited profits.
  • When it comes to options trading, the buyer can limit their losses since they also limit their risk. As a result of this, the loss is restricted to the premium. But with options sellers, the risks are higher, and so, the losses they incur can also be higher and unlimited.
  • When the market is volatile, the margins in futures can rise to a great extent. Though this may sound quite good when it comes to getting the upper hand in the cash market, you may need to reconsider that thought. After paying a margin, it is best to be prepared with fresh margins in case the margins rise unexpectedly, and you are not prepared with that much liquidity. At such times, the fresh margins will help or else your broker will cut your positions.
    Also Read: What is Margin Money in Stock Market?
  • Make it a point to use stop loss and profit targets in the case of leveraged positions. To trade in futures and options, it is important to have the mindset of a trader and protect your capital. Hence, when you trade in futures and options, set your stop loss and profit targets for each of your trades so that you can bring in more discipline in your trading and move towards earning profits.
  • As with trading, any security, futures and options also carry some charges. Always check with your broker and analyse all costs such as the brokerage, the stamp duty and other fees. This will help you keep track of the costs you incur since any additional costs can eat into your profits and defeat the purpose of trading in futures and options.
  • It is possible to trade in options even if you do not know much about the market’s direction. In F&O trading, traders go for the non-directional strategy and trade in futures and options since options are a good idea for volatile and stagnant markets.

To Conclude

A lot of people trade futures because, unlike stocks, they need not pay to acquire the entire asset or stock. Instead, one only has to pay a margin to their broker, that is, a small per cent of the futures transactions made. Additionally, it is also possible to benefit from leverage, which can help increase your chances of making money on your transactions.


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Frequently Asked Questions

Futures contracts are obligatory in nature and are supposed to be settled by both parties when they are near expiration. Hence, either the contract is settled in cash or through the physical delivery of the underlying asset. In futures, there is a strike price and an asset price; if the latter is higher than the strike price, then you can earn a profit.

The same does not apply to options contracts that are non-obligatory. Here, the buyers and sellers do not exercise their rights when the options near expiration and hence, most of the time, the options simply expire.

Like all market-linked investments, futures and options also come with certain risks. However, if you carefully learn the F&O trading basics and understand how to invest in F&O, you should be able to make your way through the futures and options trading.


The main difference between equity and F&O is that equity trading involves buying and selling of shares, while the underlying assets in F&O can be currency, commodities or even stocks. F&O derive their value from their underlying asset. Futures and options also have an expiration date of at least 3 months, something that shares do not have. Hence, you can maintain your shares in your demat account.